Contraceptive Options For Women Are Endless And Here Are Some Of The Latest Ones You Can Try

The 2018 edition of the World Contraceptive Day was celebrated yesterday, 26th of September, 2018. We intend to share the latest contraceptive options for you.

Contraceptive is one of the effective methods that controls child birth and also primarily prevent unplanned pregnancies amongst the youth.

ALSO READ: 6 Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Use Postinor 2 As A Birth Control Alternative

If you’re a sexually active woman, contracetion is a necessary part of life. Since you’re likely to use it for several decades, it’s important to choose a method that suits your body, your needs and preferences, and your lifestyle.

This post provides you with the latest contraceptive methods for every woman.

1.Hormonal Implants

This long-acting reversible implant comprises matchstick-sized rods containing synthetic progesterone that are implanted under the skin of the upper arm.

Implanon lasts up to three years and is 99.9% effective, making it one of the most effective contraceptive methods available. Implanon prevents ovulation by releasing constant small amounts of progestogen via a single rod implant.

Hormonal Implants have several benefits like convenience,99.9% effective, quickly reversible, minimal side effects (may cause irregular bleeding or changes in menstruation, similar to progesterone-only oral contraceptive pills), ideal for long-term contraception and for women who cannot tolerate oestrogen, long lasting (up to three years), can be used during breastfeeding, effective immediately if inserted during the first five days of your menstrual cycle, which starts with the first day of bleeding.

2.Vaginal Ring/ Nuva Ring

This is a soft flexible plastic ring that’s conveniently inserted into the vagina and releases hormones in a similar way as the oral contraceptive pill. If used according to instructions, it’s 99.3% effective. Some rings use a combination of oestrogen and progestogen and are inserted on a monthly basis.

The hormones in the ring are released directly into the blood vessels in the vaginal wall where they prevent the egg from leaving the ovary. Nuva Ring doesn’t prevent menstrual cycles.

Nuva Ring also offers continuous protection for the lifespan of the device, usually five months. As with other progestogen-only methods, it may cause erratic bleeding in some women as a side effect.

It’s benefits are immediate reversibility, suitable for most women, particularly if you have a predictable regular bleeding pattern, may improve medical conditions such as acne, endometriosis, ovarian cysts and premenstrual symptoms, alleviates heavy/painful periods, making them shorter, lighter, less painful and more regular, fewer side effects because its hormone dose is lower than that used in the Pill, vomiting or diarrhoea don’t affect the hormones because they’re absorbed directly into the bloodstream, popular alternative for women who prefer not having to take a pill every day.

3.Oral Contraceptives

There are two main types of oral contraceptives, namely combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and the mini-pill. Although oral contraceptives can be very effective, inconsistent use, misuse or discontinuation often results in unplanned pregnancies.

The good news is that most of the newer pills are highly effective and, with reduced oestrogen doses, may result in less troublesome oestrogen-related side effects such as nausea and breast tenderness. In addition, many new pills are in clinical trials and are aiming to have fewer side effects, enhanced safety and greater effectiveness when pills are missed.

4.Ortho Evra Transdermal Patch

This is a small plastic flesh-colored square patch that sticks firmly on the skin of the upper arm, abdomen or buttocks. It releases synthetic Oestrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and Progesterone (norelgestromin).

Each Ortho Evra transdermal patch is used for seven days at a time over a four-week period. One patch is used each week for three weeks, and removed for one week during which menstruation occurs.

It’s very convenient and easy to use, highly effective and barely noticeable.

5.Progestogen-Only Injectables

The contraceptive injectable Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is an intramuscular injection of progestogen given every 12 weeks. DMPA is usually injected into the buttock or upper arm and works by primarily preventing ovulation. It’s 99.8% effective, provided follow-up injections are regularly given at 3-monthly intervals.

It can be used by most women even those with significant health issues, more convenient and longer lasting than the pill as it offers protection for three months, good choice for women who don’t mind a delay of up to one year in the return of fertility after stopping.

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