Postinor 2 has become popular in Nigeria because many women especially the unmarried ones use it as an alternative for birth control. Unfortunately, frequent use of this pill can cause serious health damage.
What is Postinor 2?
Postinor-2 is an emergency contraceptive also known as “The Morning After Pill”. It is not intended as a regular method of contraception. It is used to prevent pregnancy when taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse.
Postinor-2 will prevent 85% of expected pregnancies. 95% of expected pregnancies will be prevented if taken within the first 24 hours, declining to 58% if taken between 48 hours and 72 hours after unprotected intercourse.
What are the side effects of using Postinor 2?
- Common side effects are tiredness, nausea, and vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, tender breasts, increased vaginal bleeding and skin reactions.
- It can also cause a delay in your next period or make it come earlier than usual.
- Using it too frequently will make the drug less effective.
- If you use it more than once in a menstrual cycle, it can disrupt your cycle.
- Taking it when you’re already pregnant can cause you to have an ectopic pregnancy.
- Postinor 2 can also increase the risks of having breast cancer.
What are the alternatives available?
To avoid these side effects there are different birth control options that you can choose from. Your personal situation will help guide you to choose the best option for your needs.
Pills / Oral contraceptives
Birth control pills are very effective in preventing pregnancy when taken correctly at the same time every day. Effectiveness is more than 99% with perfect use. If you wish to get information about the availability or composition of hormonal contraceptives, the best source is your family doctor or gynecologist specialist, but you can also ask your pharmacist.
Natural family planning
Natural family planning, also called calendar method requires users to practice abstinence during the fertile period of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Couples using natural family planning may use one technique or a combination of techniques to identify the start and end of a woman’s fertile period.
Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
Intrauterine devices are small flexible devices made of metal and/or plastic those prevent pregnancy when inserted into a woman’s uterus through her vagina. IUDs are a safe and effective method of reversible, long-term contraception for most women, especially women who have had babies. They can be also used as an emergency contraceptive method.
Female barrier methods
Female barrier methods are contraceptives that a woman places in her vagina before sex to prevent pregnancy. Mechanical barriers are the diaphragm, the cervical cap, and the female condom. Spermicides are chemical barriers that are also effective.
Barrier methods are suited for a woman who finds using a method near or at the time of intercourse acceptable, can learn the insertion technique, and has sufficient privacy for insertion and removal. The methods can be very effective when used correctly and consistently.
Implants and Injectables
Contraceptive implants consist of hormone-filled capsules that are inserted under the skin in a woman’s upper arm. Injectable contraceptives contain synthetic hormones (similar to hormones used in pills) that are administered by deep intramuscular injection.
Female sterilization, also called tubal occlusion or ligation, is a permanent contraceptive method for women who do not want more children. The method requires a simple surgical procedure.
The two most common female sterilization approaches are mini-laparotomy, which is usually performed under local anesthesia with light sedation, and laparoscopy, which requires general anesthesia. Female sterilization does not affect breastfeeding or interfere with intercourse and it is free from the side effects associated with some temporary methods.