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Suicide is on the increase daily and it is quite saddening when the victims keep multiplying. Depression or thoughts of suicide can affect anybody irrespective of age, gender, or financial status.
The encouraging news is that depression is very treatable and thoughts of suicide can be turned into thoughts of hope.
The world marks Suicide Prevention Day yearly every 10th of September to help reduce suicide cases.
Here’s everything you need to know about suicide and how you can help save a life.
What Causes Suicide?
Suicide does not have a single cause. However, certain factors like substance abuse and untreated depression can lead to a higher risk of suicide just as having a robust social circle can help protect you from suicide.
Suicide rates are highest in teenagers, young adults, and the elderly.
A suicidal person may not ask for help, but that doesn’t mean that help isn’t wanted. People who take their lives don’t want to die—they just want to stop hurting.
Warning Signs Of Suicide
Suicide prevention starts with recognizing the warning signs and taking them seriously. If you believe that a friend or family member is suicidal, you can play a role in suicide prevention by pointing out the alternatives, showing that you care, and getting a doctor or psychologist involved.
1.Long-lasting sadness, mood swings, and unexpected rage.
2. Feeling a deep sense of hopelessness about the future, with little expectation that circumstances can improve.
3. Inability to sleep and sleep problems
4. Suddenly becoming calm after a period of depression or moodiness can be a sign that the person has made a decision to end his or her life.
5. Withdrawal or choosing to be alone and avoiding friends or social activities also are possible symptoms of depression, a leading cause of suicide. This includes the loss of interest or pleasure in activities the person previously enjoyed.
6.Changes in personality and/or appearance: A person who is considering suicide might exhibit a change in attitude or behavior, such as speaking or moving with unusual speed or slowness. In addition, the person might suddenly become less concerned about his or her personal appearance.
7. Dangerous or self-harmful behavior: Potentially dangerous behavior, such as reckless driving, engaging in unsafe sex, and increased use of drugs and/or alcohol might indicate that the person no longer values his or her life.
8.Recent trauma or life crisis might trigger a suicide attempt. Crises include the death of a loved one or pet, divorce or break-up of a relationship, diagnosis of a major illness, loss of a job, or serious financial problems.
9.Making preparations: Often, a person considering suicide will begin to put his or her personal business in order. This might include visiting friends and family members, giving away personal possessions, making a will, and cleaning up his or her room or home. Some people will write a note before committing suicide. Some will buy a firearm or other means like poison.
10.Threatening suicide: From 50% to 75% of those considering suicide will give someone — a friend or relative — a warning sign. However, not everyone who is considering suicide will say so, and not everyone who threatens suicide will follow through with it. Every threat of suicide should be taken seriously.
How Can I Help A Suicidal Person?
If you believe someone you know is in immediate danger of killing himself or herself:
- Do not leave the person alone. If possible, ask for help from friends or other family members.
- Ask the person to give you any weapons he or she might have. Take away or remove sharp objects or anything else that the person could use to hurt himself or herself.
- If the person is already in psychiatric treatment, help him or her to contact the doctor or therapist for guidance and help.
- Try to keep the person as calm as possible.
- Call emergency numbers and Mental Health Organizations like Mentally Aware Ng