Fertility issues can make getting pregnant the traditional way (through sex) difficult. Also, there are women who desire children but don’t have a partner and are not getting younger.
Fortunately, there are now methods through which a woman whether single, in a same-sex relationship, or having fertility issues can experience the joys of motherhood.
Here are four major methods.
1. In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In-vitro fertilization is one of the most well-known types of assisted reproductive technology. It uses a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to help sperm fertilize an egg.
During IVF treatment, you take fertility drugs to stimulate your ovaries to release more eggs. Then, a specialist retrieves the eggs from your ovaries, using an ultrasound-guided needle through your vaginal wall. Once the eggs are retrieved, the specialist incubates them together with sperm from your partner or a donor. One or two healthy embryos are then transferred to your uterus. When you’re discussing the procedure beforehand, you and the specialist will decide together on how many embryos to transfer.
It usually takes several months to complete the entire process. Some people get pregnant on the first try, and others need more than one round of IVF.
2. Turkey Baster Method (Artificial Insemination)
It is a technique of artificial insemination (intracervical insemination) practiced by the woman herself, usually in her own home. It involves the collection of sperm that can either come from a sperm bank or from a known donor selected on an online platform.
An insemination syringe is then used to collect the sperm, which is then inserted inside the vagina of the woman, letting the sperms inseminate within. This is rather painless, and there is no recovery time as such since this isn’t a medical procedure. Having the pelvic portion tilted upwards for some minutes to stop the sperm from spilling outside is recommended.
Bear in mind that when attempting at-home insemination, there are some very important points to know. Before you go through with it, speak with your doctor to understand safety precautions that you must adhere to, do’s and don’ts as well as your chances of conception through this method.
Very few people might be aware of this technique while numerous others might think of this as a quick and easy method. Mostly adopted by couples of the same gender, this can be compared to artificial insemination.
3.Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
IUI is a slightly advanced medical technique that is a combination of the turkey baster technique and IVF. This is usually opted for by couples where the male partner’s fertility levels are low or by single women who are fit to have a baby. During ovulation, the egg reaches the uterus, awaiting fertilisation by a sperm. In IUI, the woman chooses the sperm either from a donor or the bank. A medical professional then introduces the sperm right inside the uterus close to the egg using a catheter. The process is similar to that of a Pap smear test. Lying down by tilting the pelvis upwards can help increase the chances of fertilisation. Most women feel only minor cramps, and they can resume their usual lives within no time. However, this process might have to be repeated for a bunch of cycles until it is successful.
Surrogacy is an arrangement, often supported by a legal agreement, whereby a woman (the surrogate mother) agrees to bear a child for another person or persons, who will become the child’s parent(s) after birth.
Surrogacy takes place when the sperm of the male and the eggs of the female are combined in a laboratory environment to allow fertilisation and the formation of an embryo.
This embryo is then placed in the womb of a willing surrogate, who will carry the baby for the duration of the pregnancy, and then hand it over to the original parents. Surrogacy, of course, is an expensive option with fees and other expenses to be taken into account.